MED 004 Solved Assignment 2023-24


MED 004 Solved Assignment 2023-24

Towards Participatory Management

MED 004 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.

Assignment Code: ASST/ MED 004/2023-24

Marks: 100

Attempt all the questions.

Q1. What is the process of community development? Which are the two forces from which it has evolved? Who are the stakeholders in this connection?

Community development is a complex and dynamic process that involves the active participation of community members to improve their social, economic, and environmental well-being. The process has evolved from two main forces: the social justice movement and the economic development movement.

Social Justice Movement:

Focus: The social justice movement emphasizes equal rights, access to resources, and the fair distribution of benefits and burdens in society. It seeks to address issues of inequality, discrimination, and social exclusion.

Influence on Community Development: This force has contributed to the idea that communities should actively participate in their own development, advocating for empowerment, social cohesion, and inclusivity.

Economic Development Movement:

Focus: The economic development movement is concerned with improving the economic well-being of individuals and communities. It often involves strategies to stimulate economic growth, create jobs, and enhance the overall standard of living.

Influence on Community Development: This force has shaped the notion that communities play a crucial role in their own economic development. It promotes the idea that sustainable economic growth is best achieved through local initiatives and involvement.

Stakeholders in Community Development:

Community Members:

Individuals and Families: The people who live in the community are key stakeholders. Their needs, aspirations, and active participation are central to the development process.

Community Leaders: Those who hold leadership roles within the community, including elected officials, tribal leaders, or influential community members, play a vital role in guiding and representing the community's interests.

Government Agencies:

Local, Regional, and National Governments: Government entities provide essential resources, infrastructure, and policies that can support or hinder community development initiatives.

Nonprofit Organizations:

NGOs and Community-Based Organizations: These entities often work directly with communities, providing resources, expertise, and support for various development projects.

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Local Businesses and Corporations: Businesses can contribute to community development through job creation, investment, and corporate social responsibility initiatives.

Educational Institutions:

Schools and Universities: Educational institutions can play a role in community development by providing knowledge, training, and research that contribute to the community's growth.

International Organizations:

International NGOs and Agencies: Organizations from the global community may provide funding, expertise, and support for community development projects, particularly in areas affected by poverty or crises.

Media and Communication Channels:

Local Media: Media outlets can help raise awareness, facilitate communication, and build a sense of community identity.

Effective community development involves collaboration and partnerships among these stakeholders, ensuring that the process is inclusive, sustainable, and responsive to the needs of the community.

Q2. Why is the term Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) misleading? Which other research methods and techniques are involved in it? Which other research methods use PRA for conducting social and developmental research?

Q3. Give the background and evolution of participatory research, management and development approaches.

Q4. Discuss briefly the organizational model of participatory management which is in context with south Asia. Also, explain the three “fits” in the context of a strategy for rural development based on this model.

Q5. Give the salient features of community organisation and discuss how malpractices are a threat to it. Compare the Orangi Pilot Project (OPP) programmes with other relevant government programmes.

Q6. What were the solutions that were tried by innovative development agencies in Pakistan so that the hardships of women could be reduced? What was done to counteract the feeling of powerlessness by women? Give an example of a programme that was started to issue these problems.

Q7. Discuss the errors of field practice and ethics in the context of participatory rural approach (PRA) practices.

Q8. Mention any five important milestones of SACEP. What are the future projects of SACEP?

Q9. What is participatory forestry? Briefly discuss Joint Forest management (JFM) in India and explain how participatory management can affect the life of people residing at the periphery of forest area.

Q10. What are the remedial measures to the threats to mangroves in India? Give the major conservational strategies of the Government of India to protect it.

MED 004 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.

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