MED 008 Solved Assignment 2023-24


MED 008 Solved Assignment 2023-24

Globalisation and Environment

MED 008 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.

Assignment Code: ASST/ MED 008/2023-24

Marks: 100

Attempt all the questions.

Q1. Briefly discuss the Greenhouse effect on the earth. Explain how globalization is responsible for large scale disruption of ecosystems

The greenhouse effect is a natural process that warms the Earth's surface. It occurs when the sun's energy reaches the Earth, some of it is reflected back to space, and the rest is absorbed and re-radiated by greenhouse gases. These gases include water vapor, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), ozone (O3), and others. The re-radiated energy warms the Earth's surface and lower atmosphere, contributing to the overall temperature of the planet.

However, human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation, have significantly increased the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This enhanced greenhouse effect is leading to global warming and climate change, with consequences such as rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and shifts in ecosystems.

Globalization, on the other hand, refers to the increased interconnectedness and interdependence of countries through the exchange of goods, services, information, and ideas. While globalization has brought about economic benefits and improved living standards for many, it has also been associated with large-scale disruptions of ecosystems. Here are some ways in which globalization contributes to ecosystem disruption:

Increased Trade and Transportation: Globalization has led to a surge in international trade and transportation. This movement of goods and people can introduce non-native species to new environments, leading to invasive species that outcompete and threaten local flora and fauna.

Deforestation for Agriculture: The demand for globally traded agricultural products has driven deforestation in many parts of the world. Large-scale clearing of forests for agriculture can result in habitat loss, biodiversity decline, and disruption of ecosystem services.

Overexploitation of Natural Resources: Globalization has facilitated the exploitation of natural resources on a massive scale. Fisheries, for example, are often overexploited to meet the demand for seafood in global markets, leading to the depletion of fish stocks and ecological imbalances.

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Climate Change: The interconnectedness of economies means that activities in one part of the world can have far-reaching environmental consequences. The emission of greenhouse gases from industrial processes and transportation contributes to global climate change, affecting ecosystems worldwide.

Pollution: Globalization has intensified industrial activities, leading to increased pollution. Pollutants, such as chemical runoff and plastic waste, can have detrimental effects on ecosystems, including soil degradation, water pollution, and harm to wildlife.

In summary, while the greenhouse effect is a natural process, human-induced activities, often associated with globalization, have exacerbated the effects of climate change, leading to widespread disruptions in ecosystems. Sustainable practices and international cooperation are essential to mitigate these impacts and promote the health of the planet's ecosystems.

Q2. Distinguish between:

(i) Floods and droughts

(ii) Sudden and Insidious disasters

Q3 What is meant by North-South divide? Discuss the role of MNCs, TNCs and IFIs in economic globalisation.

Q4. Write short notes on the following:

(i) Rio +5 and Rio +10

(ii) Biodiversity Convention

(iii) UNEP

Q5. Mention any five multilateral agreements related to transnational air pollution. Discuss the world Bank’s environmental agenda.

Q6. Discuss briefly the environmental concerns of South Asia with special reference to Nepal.

Q7. Define NGOs. Explain its origin and briefly discuss the different perspectives of NGOs.

Q8. Write short notes on the following:

(i) Chilka Bachao Andolan and Appiko Movement

(ii) Seed suicides in India

(iii) Indicators of sustainability of food security

(iv) Environmentally Sound Technologies

(v) Environmental Ethics

(vi) Role of judiciary in curbing air pollution

MED 008 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.

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