MEDSE 46 Solved Assignment 2023-24


MEDSE 46 Solved Assignment 2023-24

Development: Issues and Perspectives

MEDSE 46 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.

Assignment Code: ASST/ MEDSE 46/2023-24

Marks: 100

Attempt all the questions.

Q1. Define paradigms of development. Explain four different paradigms of development.

Development paradigms refer to overarching frameworks or perspectives that guide the understanding and implementation of economic, social, and political development. Different paradigms offer distinct theories, approaches, and priorities in addressing development challenges. Here are four major paradigms of development:

Modernization Paradigm:

Overview: This paradigm emerged in the mid-20th century and was heavily influenced by the experiences of Western industrialized nations. It posits that societies progress through linear stages of development, moving from traditional to modern forms.

Key Ideas:

Economic development is linked to the adoption of Western-style institutions and technologies.

Social change is characterized by a shift from traditional agrarian societies to industrialized urban societies.

Development is often measured in terms of economic growth and technological advancement.

Dependency Theory:

Overview: Developed in response to the limitations and critiques of the modernization paradigm, dependency theory emerged in the 1960s. It focuses on the relationship between developed and developing countries and emphasizes the exploitative nature of this relationship.

Key Ideas:

Developing countries are dependent on developed countries for economic growth and resources.

Structural imbalances in the global economy perpetuate underdevelopment in certain regions.

Solutions involve reducing dependency, promoting self-sufficiency, and challenging unequal power dynamics.


Overview: Neoliberalism gained prominence in the late 20th century as a response to perceived inefficiencies of state-led development. It advocates for free-market principles, limited government intervention, and the promotion of individual entrepreneurship.

Key Ideas:

Economic growth is best achieved through free markets and minimal government interference.

Privatization, deregulation, and globalization are key components of neoliberal policies.

Critics argue that neoliberalism can exacerbate inequality and social disparities.

Sustainable Development:

Overview: Emerged in the late 20th century, sustainable development seeks to balance economic growth with environmental protection and social equity. It recognizes the interconnectedness of economic, social, and environmental factors.

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Development should meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Emphasizes environmental conservation, social inclusivity, and economic viability.

Seeks to address global challenges like climate change, poverty, and inequality through a holistic approach.

These paradigms represent different lenses through which scholars, policymakers, and practitioners approach the complex issue of development. It's important to note that these paradigms are not mutually exclusive, and elements from each may be incorporated into development strategies. Additionally, debates persist regarding the effectiveness and relevance of these paradigms in diverse global contexts.

Q2. What is unemployment? Explain various causes and dimensions of unemployment.

Q3. What is social development? Discuss social process and social dynamics of development.

Q4. Explain role and importance of agriculture in development? Discuss sustainable agriculture and its measures.

Q5. Discuss gender empowerment? Explain meaning and calculation of Gender Development Index. Describe a few gender adversaries.

MEDSE 46 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : All assignments are in PDF format which would be send on email/WhatsApp (9958676204) just after payment.

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